Guide The Strange Case of Jonathan Swift and the Moons of Mars

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The orbital time of outer moon Deimos is 30 hours and 14 minutes.

Ten hours versus 7 hours and 39 minutes; If Swift never saw the moons, how could he describe them so accurately? One theory is that he did it mathematically. Johannes Kepler discovered the laws of planetary motion, which predicted where things might be in space. But Kepler never postulated that Mars had moons, nor what their orbits might be. How astute was Swift in the field of mathematics? Another anomaly regarding the Martian moons is that the revolution period of Phobos is shorter than the planet it circles.

Because of that, if you stood on the Martian surface, Phobos would rise in the west and be visible for around four hours before setting in the east. The conspiracy theorists at Psychic-Magic love this next bit. Joseph Shklovsky, a Soviet astronomer, studied Mars for years and postulated that Phobos could be a hollow asteroid. How does an asteroid become hollow? It could be a natural phenomenon, of course, but what if it was intentionally hollowed out from the inside?

These similarities may have been established by a close electromagnetic coupling which brought both planets to a common inclination of their rotational axes, and to a common rotational speed. Mars has only The distance between Earth and Mars is at a minimum about every days, and their separation at each seventh pass, occurring about every fifteen years, is said to be less than the rest. The frequency of these approaches may reflect a continued adherence to the frequency of catastrophic encounters that took place during the eighth and seventh centuries B.

Mars Visible in Night Sky, But Its 2 Moons Are Hard to Spot

Earth had five close encounters with Mars from B. Today, the closest approach of the two planets continues on this same frequency. Mars bears physical evidence of at least two especially close encounters with Earth, and as Velikovsky recounted in detail, a wealth of recorded historical evidence shows that more recent encounters have taken place. Close encounters between Earth and another planet must occur more frequently than the largest asteroid impacts but the record left is less obvious. As for the claim that planets change their orbits from time to time and interact, it is Velikovsky who was right.

There is a duality to science: one part is technological and the other is interpretive. The interpretive side of science can be a different story and the accepted account of the history of Mars for example, and its geomorphology in particular, is wrong. This is because some of the most fundamental lessons about our Solar System in general, and Earth in particular, have been mislearned and wrong conclusions from Earth are now being applied to Mars. Much energy has been expended by astronomers to determine relative ages of Martian surface features by counting craters.

Areas with many craters have been concluded to be older by millions of years, than areas having few. Mars has two moons, both of which follow orbits that are slightly unstable. Phobos , average diameter The Roche limit is 2. The velocity of Phobos is slowly increasing, which means that its orbit is diminishing in size so that it could eventually strike the Martian surface.

The smaller moon, Deimos , average diameter This is close to the geosynchronous-orbit position and is also close to the outer limit at which the planet is able to retain it. Its velocity is decreasing, which means that it could eventually part company with Mars. Both moons constantly present the same face toward their planet. Neither moon follows orthodox views of how moons are supposed to look or behave. Their general appearance is similar to that of asteroids populating the Main Asteroid Belt, suggesting large asteroids that impacted Earth were not encountered randomly.

They may have been brought to Earth as moons of Mars. Space is vast, and the probability of random collisions between Earth and large asteroids is small. Nonetheless, Earth has a high internal energy level because it has received many major impacts, in even the recent past. It is my guess that the Martian moon Phobos is comparable in size to the asteroid responsible for the impact that formed the Venezuelan Basin. The moons of Mars orbit so close to their planet that neither would be visible to observers at the Martian poles.

They were not discovered until ; at least, that is what the history books tell us. Jonathan Swift, however, got more than just their number correct, while Homer and Virgil preceded Kepler. Swift described their roughly ellipsoidal shapes, as well as their remarkably short periods of revolution, neither of which had any known precedent. As Velikovsky surmised, Swift must have had access to an ancient account which has been lost. During close planetary encounters with Mars in the eighth and seventh centuries B. All moons in close orbit having sufficient mass are tidally locked, which means they constantly present the same face to their planet.

This is attributed to tidal forces synchronizing the rotation of both bodies. The theory is that the bulge has resulted from the gravitational attraction of Earth acting upon the perpetually presented face. Mars may once have been a moon itself, perhaps of Earth, for its form displays a striking hemispherical asymmetry, with the plane of demarcation inclined at an angle of approximately 30 0 to the present equator. Every moon in the Solar System is the result of capture, and no moon developed by accretion in its present orbit. Even those scientists who have recognized that Phobos and Deimos are former asteroids puzzle over how they could have come to Mars, for their dogma precludes any consideration that Mars traveled to them.

Proponents of the new science Chaos Theory have introduced unexpected gravitational instabilities in order to explain the catapulting of asteroids from far beyond the orbit of Mars to the vicinity of Earth orbit. Mars brings large, usually stony asteroids close to Earth which impact Earth whenever Mars loses its hold on them. Each time, another leaf is turned in the book of evolution on Earth, as new points come to occupy the geographic poles and oceanic floods ravage the planet. These events have occurred more recently than most can imagine. Parallel markings on Phobos have been described as grooves, although their similarity in appearance to basaltic flows is striking.

If they are flows, they had to form on a world under the influence of gravity.

Tiny moons in Martian sky were likely asteroids

That would be the Lost Planet , debris from which constitutes a major part of the Main Asteroid Belt, right where the Titius-Bode rule predicts that a planet should be. Phobos may be a part of that Lost Planet. Critics claim that there is not enough mass in the asteroid belt to form a planet, but this claim is irrelevant. Ceres is a small world which bears no relationship to its asteroid neighbors, but if one combines the mass of all present stony to iron asteroids with the large asteroids that have impacted Earth, and consider that others might have impacted other worlds or even left the inner solar system without ever having resided in the Main Asteroid Belt, there could easily be enough.

It has been estimated that there are up to almost half a million asteroids having a diameter exceeding 1 km 0. Of the largest, there is estimated to be more than having a diameter exceeding km 60 miles with another exceeding 6 miles. Asteroids can be classified in various ways, with one group comprising stony, iron, and stony-iron types. These are all fragments of the Lost Planet and have probably resided within the Main Asteroid Belt since the Precambrian-Cambrian boundary.

A different group consists of carbonaceous chondrites , which contain water, organic compounds, and even micro-diamonds, and which may represent the burned out remains of nucleate comets. Stony-iron meteorites have been claimed to be 4.

NASA - Under the Moons of Mars

There is evidence, however, that the meteorites were exposed to cosmic radiation in space for a much shorter period. The frequency of fission tracks in the meteorites resulting from cosmic radiation is much lower than would be expected if the meteorites had been exposed in space for billions of years. The logical conclusion is that the meteorites were shielded from cosmic radiation within a large protective body. Every stony-iron meteorite tested has provided the same result and it is surmised that their period of exposure has been as short as around one-half billion years.

The dating of fission tracks is not a precise technique and the destruction of the Lost Planet probably occurred at the Precambrian-Cambrian boundary, which is now thought to have been about million years ago. The major catastrophe at this important contact might not have been restricted to Earth, but one that affected the entire Solar System. An influx of comets from the Oort Cloud would have been part of this indeterminate event.

  • Hypothetical Planets;
  • Phobos and Deimos in fiction | Revolvy.
  • Hypothetical Planets;
  • Mars Facts;

By contrast, a sister planet disintegrated. That might have been Earth! We are told that the reason sea water is salty is that salt NaCl is being leached out of the rocks. Sodium, and especially chlorine, however, are uncommon in rocks.

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The salt must have been already a constituent of the water when Earth received its oceans. The hemisphere north of the demarcation line presents a surface of smooth plains with relatively few craters, dotted with volcanos. Lava, it has been claimed, must have masked all evidence of the previous, heavily cratered terrain which existed there. Two volcanic centers just north of the geographic equator are situated 90 o of longitude apart, Mars has been assigned 0 o to o of longitude, unlike Earth which has o East and West.

One of the centers contains three small shield volcanos while the other contains four large shield volcanos and half a dozen small ones. Of the four large volcanos, the most impressive is Olympus Mons. Having a diameter up to km mi. Olympus Mons has a sharply defined, complex vent which formed as lava subsided after eruptive episodes. Its shield is encircled by a continuous, slightly eroded escarpment providing a vertical drop of as much as 4 km 2. The escarpment probably formed as this massive volcano was attracted away from Mars gravitationally during a close encounter with another world.

The surrounding area was attracted less strongly and fell away. The significant gravitational effect suggests the escarpment resulted from close contact with a more massive world.

Appendix 7:

Mars is known to have had close encounters with Earth, which has almost 10 times the mass of Mars, and I suspect that Earth was that world. I will speculate later about a common origin for every world, and you are already familiar with my claim that some planets and moons have changed roles. A significant feature associated with Olympus Mons is an extensive adjoining zone of collapsed terrain made up of curved ridges and troughs having their concave side facing the volcano. This area appears to have played an important role in the growth of Olympus Mons.

Three neighboring volcanos, considerably smaller than Olympus Mons but still larger than any mountain on Earth, are also partially encircled by faulted escarpments. Their peaks share a remarkably common elevation even though there is as much as 8 km 5 mi. The North Polar Region is crowned by an ice cap displaying a prominent concentric, spiral pattern. Much of this ice cap is permanent, consisting of water-ice. It grows larger each winter and smaller again each summer from the sublimation of carbon dioxide.

Sublimation describes a change of state either from solid to gas or gas to solid. The dark pattern is due to a spiral arrangement of eroded, terraced canyons along which the underlying surface has been exposed. The spiral direction observed from above is counter-clockwise. The canyons are thought to be up to several kilometers wide and more than a kilometer deep.

The ice cap is encircled by extensive fields of sand dunes. The hemisphere south of the demarcation line is densely cratered and rugged. Craters vary in size up to the crater Hellas Planitia , with a diameter of some 1, km 1, mi. They will have to drop that claim soon. There are no young volcanos south of the geographic equator but a crustal bulge on part of the equator is traversed by a most remarkable feature. Its walls have failed extensively by slumping, and are incised by drainage lines along its entire length.

The smooth upper elevation surface arrives at the canyon abruptly, with no transition to the canyon walls by water erosion. The main channel floor is remarkably flat from side to side. I believe these differences reflect the contrasting erosional processes that were involved, for Valles Marineris was literally routed out of the Martian surface rather than more slowly eroded by processes familiar to us on Earth. The South Polar Region has an ice cap as well, much smaller than its northern counterpart, but which displays a complex of similarly terraced canyons.

These canyons have a less well defined spiral pattern, but one which trends in the opposite direction to those on the northern ice cap. Just as in the north, sublimated carbon dioxide causes the area of the ice cap to fluctuate with the seasons and it is also encircled by extensive sand dunes. Basalt on Earth forms by differentiation as mantle peridotite undergoes decompression while approaching the surface.

It underlies every ocean on Earth as well as every continent. A flood of basalt poured onto the surface of India, just as a similar flood had covered much of Siberia, and later, the Columbia River Plateau.